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01 August, 2010

report writing format

Part 1


Part 2


This guide will introduce you to the proper way to plan, write and present a report. Reports are an essential part of business life, and skills you develop now will serve you well throughout your career.


The main purpose of a report is to provide information so that others can make a decision or take action.
Examples of written reports include:
- A company’s annual report
- A community centre’s funding report detailing how a grant of money was spent
- A report to management summarising customer feedback


Reports can vary in length, as long as they meet the required outcomes. A report of one or two pages may be presented in memo format, providing a brief summary of activities. Longer reports will need to follow the structure outlined below.

Before preparing a report, it is important to clarify what information is required, and how much detail the person requesting the report needs.




Segment name and
order in report

Segment description and tips

order when writing

1. Title Page

Title of report



Author & author's title

Person/organisation who requested the report

Date of completion

2. Letter of transmittal


Is set out as a formal business letter addressed to the person requesting the report


Explains on whose authority the report was written

May summarise or draw attention to specific material in a report

Acknowledges assistance in researching and compiling the report

3. Table of contents

Includes from summary through to appendices



Does not include title page and table of contents page

Uses the decimal numbering system (DNS)

Indents each layer of the DNS

Identifies appropriate page numbers

4. Summary

Represents 10% of the written report, and includes:-


(also known as synopsis, executive summary and precis)

Why (the purpose of the report)

Scope (what issues are covered and what issues are not covered)

How (brief details of research methods)

What (important results and findings)

So what (major conclusions and recommendations)

All covered in the same order as the report


5. Introduction

What is the report about?


Why it is being written?

Who is conducting the research?

Any background information relevant to the report

Scope (what will and will not be covered)

6. Discussion

Break your information up into sections and sub-sections using Decimal Numbering System


Confine yourself to the facts

Present your information clearly

7. Conclusions

This section answers the question “what does all this stuff mean?”


Relate your answers back to the original purpose of the report

Includes a clear summary of the main points

Outlines the findings of the research

Do not introduce new information in the conclusion

8. Recommendations

Should be written in descending order of importance


Emerge from the conclusions

They are the honest, justified opinions of the writer and include:-

What is to be done

Who is to do it

How/when it is to be done


9. Bibliography


10. Appendices

Contains supplementary material too detailed for the main body of the report
May include photographs, tables, charts, maps, statistics, questionnaires etc
Any inclusions must be clearly labeled and referred to in the body of the report

07 March, 2010


1. style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words: good diction.

2. the accent, inflection, intonation, and speech-sound quality manifested by an individual speaker, usually judged in terms of prevailing standards of acceptability; enunciation.

Meaning of denotation and connotation

The denotation of this example is a red rose with a green stem. The connotation is that it is a symbol of passion and love - this is what the rose represents.

The denotation is a representation of a cartoon heart. The connotation is a symbol of love and affection, not in the way of a rose, but a symbol of true love.

The denotation is a Mosque. The connotation is a symbol of religion, according to the media connotation. However, to be more specific this is a symbol of Islamic.

21 February, 2010

Summary of The Fruitcake Special

A chemist woman who works at the Amos cosmetics factory in New Jersey, USA trying to discover a new perfume. One day she threw her fruitcake which was her lunch in to the mix with all the other things. It smells wonderful so she tried it on her. Not too long, her boss who is a handsome English guy never saying nice thing to ordinary girl like her asked her to have a dinner with him. That would be because of fruitcake. Her boss always lost control of himself when he smelt that perfume. If does not put it on her, he will not be attractive anymore.

Synopsis of Gulp and Gusp

This is one of twelve "Classic Spirals", from the established series for reluctant readers with a track record of over 25 years. It features dynamic plots and storylines, which encourage readers to pick them up again and again. It includes engaging themes without being immature or patronising and attractive cover designs in new paperback style binding are designed to motivate pupils. Short but substantial chapters are provided to give a sense of achievement in reading whole texts. Clearly laid out text, without illustrations and activities, encourages focus on reading and enables low achievers to improve at their own pace.

Element of drama


* Comes from the Greek Word, “Dran”
* Means “To do” or “To Act”
* The Doing/Acting Makes Drama
* …is a story told in front of an audience

Elements of Drama

* Playwright-the author of a play
* Actors-the people who perform
* Actors-the people who perform
* Scenes-parts of the acts
* Characterization-playwright’s technique for making believable characters

Dramatic Speech

* Dialogue-conversation between or among characters
*Monologue-long speech by one single character (private thoughts

Stage Directions

* Found in brackets [ ]
* Describe scenery and how characters speak
* C, Center Stage
* L, Stage Left
* R, Stage Right
* U, Upstage or Rear
* D, Downstage or Front


* Where a play takes place


* Construction on the stage that shows time/place
* Could be called Scenery


* Small movable items that the actors use to make actions look real

boolean search


What is Boolean Search?

Boolean searches allow you to combine words and phrases using the words AND, OR, NOT and NEAR (otherwise known as Boolean operators) to limit, widen, or define your search. Most Internet search engines and Web directories default to these Boolean search parameters anyway, but a good Web searcher should know how to use basic Boolean operators.

Where does the term Boolean originate?

George Boole, an English mathematician in the 19th century, developed "Boolean Logic" in order to combine certain concepts and exclude certain concepts when searching databases.

How do I do a Boolean Search?

You have two choices: you can use the standard Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT, or NEAR, or you can use their math equivalents. It depends on you, the searcher, on which method you're more comfortable with. For example:

Boolean Search Operators

  • The Boolean search operator AND is equal to the "+" symbol.
  • The Boolean search operator NOT is equal to the "-" symbol.
  • The Boolean search operator OR is the default setting of any search engine; meaning, all search engines will return all the words you type in, automatically.
  • The Boolean search operator NEAR is equal to putting a search query in quotes, i.e., "sponge bob squarepants". You're essentially telling the search engine that you want all of these words, in this specific order, or this specific phrase.